Image Source: Gas Strategies
This week, a fourth leak has been found in Sweden in the Nord Stream, asignificant undersea pipeline supplying Russian natural gas to the EU.
This week, gas leaks in the Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines were reported by Sweden and Denmark. According to NATO, the incidents resulted from intentional, careless, and negligent sabotage.
Suggestions that Russia had attacked its pipelines were brushed off as predictable and foolish. According to the Russian foreign ministry, the explosions happened in areas under American intelligence’s control.
It was obvious that a non-state actor could not have been behind the incidents, meaning that a government must have been to blame, according to Miguel Berger, the German ambassador to the UK.
According to the Swedish coast guard, the fourth breach on Nord Stream 2 was discovered quite near to a previous, larger leak on Nord Stream 1.
The EU has charged Russia with exploiting gas supplies against the West as punishment for the West’s backing of Ukraine.
Without going into detail, Fatih Birol, the head of the International Energy Agency, stated that it is “quite evident” who is responsible for the damage.
The leaks, said to Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, have him “very concerned,” and he added that it was impossible to rule out a planned strike.
The continent’s energy infrastructure will be defended with the utmost vigor, according to EU leaders.
While this was going on, Norway, a non-EU country, declared it would send troops to guard oil and gas facilities.
Even though they both contain gas, Nord Stream 1 and 2 are not currently delivering any gas.
The Nord Stream 1 pipeline comprises two parallel branches and hasn’t moved any gas since Russia shut it down in late August due to maintenance needs.
From the Russian coast at St. Petersburg to northeastern Germany, it extends 1,200 km (745 miles) beneath the Baltic Sea. After Russia invaded Ukraine in February, construction on its twin pipeline, Nord Stream 2, was halted.
Before the leaks appeared, underwater bursts were noted by seismologists. Danish Defense Command has published a video of the leaks, which shows bubbles at the surface of the Baltic Sea, the largest of which is 1 km in diameter.
The National Seismology Centre in Sweden’s Bjorn Lund added that there was no question that these were explosions.
A Moscow-based research tank, the Russian International Affairs Council’s Andrei Kortunov, disagreed, stating that a Russian attack was illogical.
How does the Nord Stream leak affect the environment?
The bad news is that methane, the gas in the Nord Stream pipes, significantly increases the rate at which the climate warms.
Methane is nearly 80 times more effective than CO2, the most prevalent greenhouse gas, at trapping heat in the Earth’s atmosphere over the first 20 years after its emission.
Nobody is certain how much information has so far leaked.
The good news, if you can call it that, is that the amount bubbling into the North Sea is probably insignificant in comparison to worldwide emissions.
According to one American expert, the methane in the pipe might have a similar climate impact as 2.5 hours’ worth of global CO2 emissions. According to a Danish energy official, the leak might account for almost a third of Denmark’s annual CO2 emissions.
Methane only remains in our atmosphere for around ten years (as opposed to hundreds of years for CO2), so reducing emissions from the fossil fuel industry is one of the easiest ways to limit global temperatures.